PP Single-Stage Rotary Piston Pumps
PP pumps are quiet running vacuum pumps with high pumping capacity at both high and low pressures. The triplex piston design is inherently dynamically balanced and is practically vibration-free. Even in dirty applications, the PP enjoys unequalled durability, as there is no metal-to-metal contact between the pump piston and the cylinder; clearances are filled with oil.
All PP models include an integral, positive pressure lubrication system to insure reliable lubrication at all pressure levels. PP pumps are water-cooled; however, optional
air-cooling systems are available on several sizes. Adjustable gas ballast valves are included as standard equipment for handling water and other vapor loads.
Operate continuously at Any Pressure Under 10000Pa
Lower Footprint Design of Moter on the pump,Lower water waste.
With Vibration Mounting- Quiet Running.
Easy Installation, No Special Requirement
Lub.oil fill with each other parts,No any metals contact inside.
With Gas Ballast Permits Handing of Condensable Vapors
Pump can be used at any applications,include dirty applications
The pump has a shaft and double sets of cams.no any attached parts to keep the balance, and running with quiet.
|normal displacement m3/h(CFM)
|motor power kw
|rotary speed RPM
|oil capacity L(gallons)
|cooling water consumption@60°F(16ºC)L/min(CFM)
|maximum gas ballast flow m3/h(CFM)
|typical blank-off pressure with 5% gas ballast Pa(Torr)
|ultimate pressure(Mcleod Gauge) Pa(Torr)
|typical noise level @1330Pa Dba
Vacuum CZPT , Package , Coating
About HangZhou Ever-power group(HZPT):
Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: HZPT group consists in 3 factories and 2 abroad sales cooperations.we are making vacuum pumps,air compressors and gearboxes.
Q: How long is your delivery time ? What is your terms of payment ?
A: Generally it is 30-45 days. The time may vary depending on the product and the level of customization. For standard products, the payment is: 30% T/T in advance ,balance before shippment.,for customized products,50% downpayment is requested normally.
Q: What is the exact MOQ or price for your product ?
A: As an OEM company, we can provide and adapt our products to a wide range of needs.Thus, MOQ and price may greatly vary with detail size, material and further specifications;when you place orders,pleasure contact us in advance to communicate all details.
About vacuum pumps:
Q: How is vacuum measured?
A: 1 standard atmosphere at standard conditions will support a column of mercury 760mm high. This is where the linear measurement in vacuum comes into play.760mm can be also measured in inch Hg (760mm = 29.92″) and microns (760,000 microns = 760 mm = 29.92″). Depending on what vacuum level you require, you will use a different unit of measure for the vacuum measurement. When measuring vacuum below 1 micron, we go to scientific notation (Example: 1 x 10-3 mm Hg)
Q: What is an Absolute vacuum gauge?
A: An absolute pressure gauge is 1 that will measure your vacuum system without regard to and independent of local barometric pressure. Many dial (Bourdon) gauges and electronic Transducers reference local barometric pressure as their base measurement. However, since these devices are calibrated at SEA LEVEL conditions, operation of these devices above sea level will cause an erroneous reading. Either the gauge/transducer must be recalibrated for the higher elevation use or an absolute pressure gauge would need to be used.
A Torr gauge is an absolute pressure gauge and operates on the principle of an altimeter. The Gauge case is evacuated by the vacuum from the process and exerts a negative pressure on a hermetically sealed capsule. The lowering of the pressure in the gauge case causes the capsule to expand thereby causing the gauge movement to turn the pointer. The Torr gauge is highly sensitive and accurate in the lower pressure regions (0-100 mm Hg).
Q: how to judge vacuum degree?
A: Atmospheric Pressure- is variable but is standardized at 760 Torr or 101.325 kPa.
Low Vacuum- also called rough vacuum, is a vacuum that can be achieved or measured by basic equipment such as a vacuum cleaner.
Medium Vacuum- is a vacuum that is typically achieved by a single pump, but the pressure is too low to measure with a mechanical manometer. It can be measured with a McLeod gauge, thermal gauge, or a capacitance gauge.
High Vacuum- is vacuum where the MFP of residual gasses is longer than the size of the chamber or of the object under test. High vacuum usually requires multistage pumping and ion gauge measurement. NASA has revealed that the vacuum level recorded on the moon was 1×10-9 Torr.
Ultra-High vacuum- requires baking the chamber to remove trace gasses and other special procedures. Most standards define ultra-high vacuum as pressures below 10-8 Torr.
Deep Space- is generally much emptier than any artificial vacuum. Perfect Vacuum – is an ideal state of no particles at all. It cannot be achieved in a laboratory, although there may be small volumes which, for a brief period, happen to have no particles of matter in them.
Q: what type of vacuum pump should I choose for my application:
A: There is no 1 vacuum pump that is best for all applications. However, there are some general guidelines to remember for your selection.
Oil Lubricated Rotary Pumps are used in applications requiring fairly deep vacuum (< 1 mmHg) and pumping relatively clean gases (Air/N2). Oil lubricated pumps are available in Single stage & Dual stage depending on what vacuum level you need. Additionally, all the oil lubricated pumps are available in Belt drive or Direct drive configurations. Belt drive is preferred in applications where pump longevity and durability is desired because of the low pump rpm (<700 rpm) and their high oil holding capacity which also guards against premature wear from oil breakdown. Direct drive pumps are preferred because of their low cost, compactness and portability.
Dry Vane pumps; are used when a pump is required that does not require lubricating oil because of the objection to oil vapor discharge from the pump and filling/disposal issues with oil. Rotary vane dry pumps however are capable of only maximum vacuum of approximately 25″ Hg and can only pump clean DRY air. Any presence of moisture in the gas being pumped can lead to the pump rusting because of the absence of lube oil.
Rotary Screw Dry Pumps are used in applications where a high vacuum is required (up to 0 .571 mm Hg) and the process gas is not compatible with lubricating oil in oil sealed rotary pumps. These pumps are fairly expensive and are used where a lubricated oil sealed pump or liquid ring pump is not desired. Pleasure email us( WEBMASTER@HZPT.COM ) for more details.
Liquid Ring Pumps are used in applications where the process gas may contain a sizable amount of condensable vapors (water, solvents, acids, etc.) that will react negatively with the lubricating oil in Rotary Vane pumps, thereby causing pump damage. Being that a liquid ring pump is a centrifugal unit, the sealing medium can be water, oil or any other fluid compatible with the process. Liquid ring pumps are relatively inexpensive and can use any sealing fluid (water, oil, ethylene glycol, solvents, etc.) that is compatible with the process.
Q:what is gas ballast on vacuum pumps?
A: A gas ballast is a regulated in-bleed of a dry gas (usually Air/Nitrogen) into the compression portion of the pumping cycle of the vacuum pump. The gas acts as a stripping agent that will saturate with the contaminating vapors present in the pump and expelled out the discharge of the pump. Gas ballasts are usually installed as a standard component on all oil lubricated rotary vacuum pumps to aid in the removal of condensable vapors from the vacuum pump oil.
|Oil or Not:
|Rotary Vacuum Pump
|Positive Displacement Pump
How Does Piston Displacement Affect the Pump’s Performance?
Piston displacement is a crucial factor that significantly affects the performance of a piston vacuum pump. Here’s a detailed explanation:
Piston displacement refers to the volume of gas or air that a piston vacuum pump can move during each stroke of the piston. It determines the pump’s capacity or flow rate, which is the amount of gas that the pump can evacuate per unit of time.
1. Flow Rate:
– The piston displacement directly influences the flow rate of the pump.
– A larger piston displacement corresponds to a higher flow rate, meaning the pump can evacuate a larger volume of gas per unit of time.
– Conversely, a smaller piston displacement results in a lower flow rate.
2. Pumping Speed:
– The pumping speed is a measure of how quickly a vacuum pump can remove gas molecules from a system.
– The piston displacement is directly related to the pumping speed of the pump.
– A larger piston displacement leads to a higher pumping speed, allowing for faster evacuation of the system.
– A smaller piston displacement results in a lower pumping speed, which may require more time to achieve the desired vacuum level.
3. Vacuum Level:
– The piston displacement indirectly affects the achievable vacuum level of the pump.
– A larger piston displacement can help reach lower pressures and achieve a deeper vacuum.
– However, it’s important to note that achieving a deep vacuum also depends on other factors such as the design of the pump, the quality of the seals, and the operating conditions.
4. Power Consumption:
– The piston displacement can impact the power consumption of the pump.
– A larger piston displacement typically requires more power to operate the pump due to the increased volume of gas being moved.
– Conversely, a smaller piston displacement may result in lower power consumption.
5. Size and Weight:
– The piston displacement affects the size and weight of the pump.
– A larger piston displacement generally requires a larger pump size and may increase the weight of the pump.
– On the other hand, a smaller piston displacement can result in a more compact and lightweight pump.
It’s important to select a piston vacuum pump with an appropriate piston displacement based on the specific application requirements.
In summary, the piston displacement of a vacuum pump directly influences its flow rate, pumping speed, achievable vacuum level, power consumption, and size. Understanding the relationship between piston displacement and pump performance is crucial in choosing the right pump for a given application.
What Is the Energy Efficiency of Piston Vacuum Pumps?
The energy efficiency of piston vacuum pumps can vary depending on several factors. Here’s a detailed explanation:
1. Design and Technology:
– The design and technology used in piston vacuum pumps can significantly influence their energy efficiency.
– Modern piston pump designs often incorporate features such as optimized valve systems, reduced internal leakage, and improved sealing mechanisms to enhance efficiency.
– Advancements in materials and manufacturing techniques have also contributed to more efficient piston pump designs.
2. Motor Efficiency:
– The motor driving the piston pump plays a crucial role in overall energy efficiency.
– High-efficiency motors, such as those adhering to energy efficiency standards like NEMA Premium or IE3, can significantly improve the energy efficiency of the pump.
– Proper motor sizing and matching to the pump’s load requirements are also important to maximize efficiency.
3. Control Systems:
– The use of advanced control systems can optimize the energy consumption of piston vacuum pumps.
– Variable frequency drives (VFDs) or speed control systems can adjust the pump’s operating speed based on the demand, reducing energy consumption during periods of lower demand.
– Smart control algorithms and sensors can also help optimize the pump’s performance and energy efficiency.
4. System Design and Integration:
– The overall system design and integration of the piston vacuum pump within the application can impact energy efficiency.
– Proper sizing and selection of the pump based on the specific application requirements can ensure that the pump operates within its optimal efficiency range.
– Efficient piping and ducting design, as well as minimizing pressure losses and leaks, can further improve the overall energy efficiency of the system.
5. Load Profile and Operating Conditions:
– The load profile and operating conditions of the piston vacuum pump have a significant impact on energy consumption.
– Higher vacuum levels or flow rates may require more energy to be supplied by the pump.
– Operating the pump continuously at maximum capacity may lead to higher energy consumption compared to intermittent or variable load conditions.
– It’s important to evaluate the specific operating requirements and adjust the pump’s operation accordingly to optimize energy efficiency.
6. Comparing Efficiency Ratings:
– When comparing the energy efficiency of different piston vacuum pumps, it can be helpful to look for efficiency ratings or specifications provided by the manufacturer.
– Some manufacturers provide efficiency data or performance curves indicating the pump’s energy consumption at various operating points.
– These ratings can assist in selecting a pump that meets the desired energy efficiency requirements.
In summary, the energy efficiency of piston vacuum pumps can be influenced by factors such as design and technology, motor efficiency, control systems, system design and integration, load profile, and operating conditions. Considering these factors and evaluating efficiency ratings can help in selecting an energy-efficient piston vacuum pump for a specific application.
Can Piston Vacuum Pumps Handle Corrosive Gases or Vapors?
Piston vacuum pumps are generally not suitable for handling corrosive gases or vapors. Here’s a detailed explanation:
1. Construction Materials:
– Piston vacuum pumps are typically constructed with materials such as cast iron, aluminum, stainless steel, and various elastomers.
– While these materials offer good resistance to normal operating conditions, they may not be compatible with corrosive substances.
– Corrosive gases or vapors can attack and degrade the pump’s internal components, leading to reduced performance, increased wear, and potential failure.
2. Sealing and Contamination:
– Piston vacuum pumps rely on tight seals and clearances to maintain the vacuum and prevent leakage.
– Corrosive gases or vapors can degrade the seals and compromise their effectiveness.
– This can result in increased leakage, reduced pumping efficiency, and potential contamination of the pump and the surrounding environment.
3. Maintenance and Service:
– Handling corrosive gases or vapors requires specialized knowledge, materials, and maintenance procedures.
– The pump may need additional protective measures, such as corrosion-resistant coatings or specialized seal materials, to withstand the corrosive environment.
– Regular inspection, cleaning, and replacement of components may also be necessary to maintain the pump’s performance and prevent damage.
4. Alternative Pump Options:
– If corrosive gases or vapors are involved in the application, it is advisable to consider alternative pump technologies that are specifically designed to handle such substances.
– For corrosive gases, chemical-resistant pumps like diaphragm pumps, peristaltic pumps, or dry screw pumps may be more suitable.
– These pumps are constructed with materials that offer superior resistance to corrosion and can handle a wide range of corrosive substances.
– It is essential to consult the pump manufacturer or a vacuum system specialist to select the appropriate pump for handling corrosive gases or vapors.
In summary, piston vacuum pumps are generally not recommended for handling corrosive gases or vapors due to their construction materials, sealing limitations, and the potential for damage and contamination. It is crucial to choose a pump specifically designed to handle corrosive substances or consider alternative pump technologies that can provide the required chemical resistance and performance.
editor by CX 2023-10-27